Agnelle is a family and craft gantry founded in 1937, initially under the name "Cité du Gant
de Cuir" Joseph Perrichou, director of Papeteries du Limousin created this workshop for his
son Lucien, in Saint-Junien in Limousin.
The ancestral techniques and gestures that make the Agnelle’s glove have seduced
many luxury homes over time, such as Christian Dior, Yves Saint Laurent, or Christian
Agnelle is today managed by Sophie Grégoire. It remains a family business for 3 generations.
In addition to the activity of Saint-Junien’s worshop, she developed in 1988 other workshops
in the Philippines where the training of local craftsmen is ensured by those of Saint-Junien.
Her willingness of cultivating the glove making’s knowledge and matching it with new trends
and textile technologies is rewarded. She received the Veuve Cliquot Businesswomen Award
in 2010, the Legion of Honour Insignia in 2011 and the KBL Richelieu Prize in 2012.
All the leathers used by Agnelle come from French megisseries.
After he was born through the heavy rain on Easter Monday, Jérémy Piningre graduated from HEAR to throw the raw meat on the floor!
He steadily hovers between comics published by L'Association or Animal Press, Juliette Armanet graphic design, organisation of Club Medieval parties and posters for gothic scene.
The collection designed for C.D.P is called Decombres; graphic patterns being picked up from a large drawing evoking Edward Gorey gothic stones and the Hans Arp dancing abstractions. Greek statues' disfigured faces, sea polished stones, canyons' weathered mountains, piles of rubble erected as historic monuments : the timeless wreckage of History.
PSG EDITION LIMITEE
THE 100% PARISIAN COLLABORATION
Parisian brands Commune de Paris and Blue partner with the capital's mythical club for a capsule collection. And there is something for all the family ! Commune de Paris revisits its classics in PSG's colors while Blune declines a sport line for women and kids, faithful to its graphic aesthetic.
ICI, C'EST COMMUNE DE PARIS !
Les Graphiquants is a graphic design studio, located in Paris and created in 2008.
Abstract, poetic, black and white, sometimes colourful, les Graphiquants set high standards in typography, exploring a territory of impeded senses structured and underlined by a touch of mannerism. Delicately brutal and ornamental, graphic design - in their hands - is something of a light subject, which Les Graphiquants take seriously.
For this second collaboration with Commune de Paris, Maxime Tétard and Romain Rachlin have imagined a geometric pattern evoking oneness. A sum of elements that once gathered are one and the same. The strength of Together.
Astier de Villatte
This fall, the joint collection of original ceramics, scarves, T-shirts, bags and perfumed objects, grows with the addition of a new set of desirable objects: Original motifs painted or applied to a variety of materials, along with Astier de Villatte’s famous notebooks redesigned in Communard style – plus a first: the emblematic white ceramic candle changes its look and takes on patriotic red, white and blue colors.
Designers of both their white ceramic tableware and furniture, Benoit Astier de Villatte and Ivan Pericoli met at the Beaux Arts in Paris. In 1996 they created their own business, whilst admitting to knowing next to nothing of the ‘arts of the table’. They merely followed their dream of creating objects, inspired by old treasures found thrown away on street-corners, or unearthed in the crowded shelves of junk-shops. The year 2000 saw the opening of Astier de Villatte’s famous flagship boutique, of 173 Rue Saint Honoré, as well as of their workshop, in Boulevard Masséna, where the orders of worldwide clients are made. In 2008, along with their close associate, the stylist Emily Mazeaud, they created their first collection of Scented Products.
Akatre is a creative studio founded in 2007, in Paris, by Valentin Abad, Julien Dhivert and Sébastien Riveron. The trio works and expresses themselves in graphic design, photography, typography, video, artistic installation and musical creation for institutions in art, cultural, fashion, media and luxury.
For Commune de Paris, Akatre worked on the smoke, symbol of a time marked by civil and climatic unrest. An harmful and blinding smoke.
The barricade in the Menilmontant area is not far from Førtifem, a studio created by Jessica Daubertes and Adrien Havet. They are together in life and at work, so in 2011, they decided to dedicate themselves to their passion for graphic design, using the black of gravings and the blue of tatoos.
«This collaboration was first and foremost a great opportunity to dive deep down into that bitter part of the history of Paris. Far away from the coblestones and the fallen Vendome column, we chose to focus on the dreadful fate of those thousands of banished communards, who were in exile in the tropics. To pay our tribute to them, we decided to recreate the graphic language of the revolutionaries, with a wide gallery of convicts’ tatoos gone from canon fire to sunburn.»
Special edition for the famous parisian concept store located rue Saint Honoré.
Electric artwork inspired by the Shadoks worlds !
Commune de Paris 1871 teams up once more with the famous French watchmaker LIP for a new collection. «Courage & Liberté» is the name of a collaboration that is destined to last long. When design meets history, french savoir faire is at its acme ! It offers 2 itemisations of the historical LIP model Panoramic, a new version of the Himalaya, designed in 1954 by Fred Lip and an adaptation of the Dauphine model that is resolutely contemporary.
A refined design enhanced by their mother of pearl casings. In blue, white, red and black of course ! The Dauphine model with their Milanese mesh bracelet is an ode to elegance.
Pairs In Paris
This season Commune de Paris 1871 teams up with the young high-end leather trainers brand PAIRS IN PARIS.
PAIRS IN PARIS is the result of the meeting between Caroline robert, accessories designer for shoes, bags and jewellery for severals fashions houses in Paris after to be educated by a handmade shoemaker, for made on measure orders and to be graduated from la cambre fashion school, and Antonin waterkeyn, graphic designer, a rare sneakers collector. From this union of «streetstyle» and elegance, will born a trainers collection elaborated in the same way as a tailored shoes.
The collaboration CDP x PAIRS IN PARIS offer 3 itemisations of low sneakers.
In blue, of course !
Memphis, the strong pattern of the season
Thin stripes, simple and elegant
"The duality binder the well-being of sneakers and the quality of tailored shoe defines the philosophy of PAIRS IN PARIS"
Commune de Paris unveils an exclusive capsule collection to celebrate L’Exception fifth birthday, the first french designers select store. Discover this limited edition collection at their new flagship located at Les Halles (Paris), but as well at lexception.com and in our boutique.
Already now, find out more with a first piece of the CDP collaboration, our « Le Forum est mort, vive le Forum ! »* sweat-shirt, available in our webstore.
* the Forum is dead, long live the Forum !
Mario Hugo is a New York based artist, designer, and co-founder of Hugo & Marie. Though he spends an inordinate amount of time in front of his computer, he still feels most honest with a pencil and two or more sheets of paper. Mario’s work has been exhibited around the world including at Illustrative in Berlin, If You Could in London, Communications in Los Angeles, and at Vallery in Barcelona, which was home to his first solo show in 2007. Mario has worked with many recognized people, and we are proud to present you our Commune de Paris x Mario Hugo collaboration.
Pierre Jeanneau lives and works in Paris and the Basque Country. After a year spent travelling across South America and designing artistic projects, he now dedicates his time to creating his own studio. He has extensive experience both as a free-lance designer and author, and working in agencies.
His projects and collaborations are plenty, he’s responsible for the artistic direction of the « Theatre de Belleville », the visual identity of the « Institut Francais », posters for
« Ricard », letterpress for « Nike »... His work is a combination of lively and sensitive shapes, most of the time built around original typographic creations.
« My choice has been to work with the elements of a usual barricade. When I isolate them from their context, they become quite abstract - ingredients of a geometrical and colourful composition. »
Thomas Couderc and Clement Vauchez met in 1997 in Besancon (East of France) and, in 2007, set up the Helmo Studio in Montreuil (near Paris). Their non-linear trajectories were marked by a number of interwoven activities. Between 1997 and 2007, Thomas Couderc and Clément Vauchez lived and worked. Helmo is the result of these ten years of accumulated strata creating a unique aesthetic and a unique approach where the process of graphic creation and an understanding of the construction of visual objects are brought together to produce images or objects that take as their starting point the context in which they will be used : where these images will be shown, who they are aimed at. Helmo clearly believes in the power of graphic design and its ability, if not to alter lives, to at least enrich contemporary visual culture.
The duo’s professional activities frequently involve collaboration with photographers but also, more recently, illustrators and craftspeople who have contributed to “unlock the game”, crossing over the distinct boundaries set in France between graphic art and illustration.
«What we have chosen to develop with Commune de Paris is the idea of the group, the togetherness, the crowd. We designed a limited set of geometrical shapes that can combine and create characters, men and women alike. With these, a game of construction and invention starts. A question arises : what does it mean to be in a group to get organized collectively to fight, celebrate and stand strong... Put the individual aside and look at the many ways a crowd can come to life. A stencil will be edited to continue and share the construction game and see how far it can stretch. The pattern of the crowd, the crowd for pattern.»
Artus de Lavilleon
Artus de Lavilléon is more famous for his rather large drawings in black and white than he is for his regular performances in shops and department stores or his collaborations with different brands on specific themes. What he wants is to initiate encounters outside of the art galleries which Kazimir Malevitch called « Sarcophagus of values ».
This is what he has been doing eversince 2000 with his installation behind the display windows of the Printemps department store, the climax of which was his being willingly locked up in a confined area of the Citadium store in 2009. He also co-founded a few magazines (Tricks, On the field) and stores (L’épicerie, Nim) and collaborated to a number of projects (in particular APA with the Patricia Dorfmann gallery). Born in 1970, Artus is famous for having written the « Posthumous Art Manifesto » in 2004 in which he puts life before art and being before doing.
«My collaboration with Commune de Paris 1871 comes from a memory linked with roller-skating in the 80’s. It takes a number of forms, with various products that all boil down to the idea of counter-culture. It is at its most powerful when in total and relentless acceptation of the very system it is supposed to be challenging.»
Ugo Gattoni grew up in the southern suburbs of Paris, France. He graduated in Graphic Design in 2010 at the EPSAA in Paris, and decided to make his way into the world as an illustrator and an artist. His first major project included a huge 33 feet long and 6 feet high wall-sized drawing entirely created with a black fine-liner pen.
Since then, he gained a reputation for his detailed and surreal black and white cityscape drawings. He also pictures jungles with other mediums like graphite or more recently with color. He has worked on big commercial projects, has directed video clips and works in fields as far apart as the luxury, fashion and music industries.
« For our collaboration I started out with monuments which had a link with «la Commune de Paris». The column of Vendome, the Pantheon... These monuments have either been destroyed, modified or have played an important role in the History of the Commune. I changed their structure to create pieces of stone. I only drew pieces of these monuments, in order to obtain something which was in motion, something that seemed to be hovering above the ground. In order to give the impression of something very simple, I decided to go for a clear line drawing adding colourful patches of strong colour. »
Macon & Lesquoy
When the daughters of an antique dealer and an astrophysicist meet… They tell stories. Stories about matter and substance, sewn stories, unstitched and undone, their stories, other people’s, and the ones they enjoy inventing. This is what Marie Macon and Anne-Laure Lesquoy have been doing through their collections of accessories since 2009.
M&L embroidered jewels, heat-sealable badges, leather and soft goods startle the people wearing and offering them. A touch of humor and luxury for the young girls, handsome boys, gorgeous mamas and old dandies around the world who always enjoy a good laugh!
Kim Roselier lives in Paris. After obtaining a diploma in Graphic Design, he went to New York City. That’s where he went deeper into mastering colours, working with Gaby Basora (founder and designer of the Tucker label). Back in Paris he has been devoting his time to his artwork, using gouache and watercolour in order to create a contemporary design. His iconography is both sensual and poetic.
« What comes to my mind when thinking about La Commune is the picture of a great inferno. The symbolism of fire is altogether exaltation, effervescence, frenzy, destruction, violence..., all the passions which set fire to Paris. »
Marianne Ratier is a true Parisian, she lives and works in the city. Her artwork evokes the freshness, femininity and grace of the French woman. To do so, she uses lead and coloured pencils. She always tries to be precise and to the point. The stories she tells, often remind us, in a subtile and elegant way, of our childhood.
« Some were running away from the powder keg, while others were being sent to a penitentiary thousands of miles away. I tried to picture « La Commune de Paris » through those two forms of exile. On the one hand, the Parisian bourgeoisie fleeing Paris to go to Versailles, followed by their breed dogs, even more dressed up than they were. On the other, the Communards who were deported to New Caledonia after they were arrested. In both cases, the ruling class wanted to keep the insurrection at bay, in order to keep their privileges.»
Hell’O Monsters is a Belgian collective formed in the 90’s by Jérôme Meynen, François Dieltiens and Antoine Detaille. The three artists successfully blend their individual styles to create common works. Their style is quite recognizable : a deep care for details and a refined technique. Their surrealist unique imaginary universe is occupied by hybrid characters and hidden references.
«For Commune de Paris, the collective built a gateway to connect their own universe to the historical time of the Commune. In their work, they freely reinterpreted the symbols and icons of this period when relentless stuggle for freedom and the fatality of defeat melt in a poetic manner.»
Damien F. Cuypers
Damien grew up in the French mountains in between the Jura and the Alps. His universe is made of wilderness and coulours. He often represents people from the Arts and Fashion paradigms, whom he meets in Paris, London or NYC. Do not expect any kind of reverence, he delivers raw portraits, a kind of « here and now » impression born from the encounter of line, matter and colour.
«When I started working for Commune de Paris, I wanted to focus on variations on two very important french symbols : the colours of the French flag and the Gallic rooster. The rooster is proud and somewhat arrogant. It symbolizes us perfectly as French people. He has got a sort of day-to-day majesty. It glows in his disdainful eye and thus embodies quite well, in my opinion, the surviving parisian caste system.»
Jeremy Schneider lives and works in Paris. Jeremy feeds on history and philosophy. Quite a few of his characters come straight out of historical France or of books by Nietzsche, Fourier or Schopenhauer. Jeremy nurtures the expression of his characters through his choice of particular physical attributes or dressing styles that tell their stories. His illustrations are very precise and meticulous whether in felt pens, black chalk or coloured pencils.
« Who were the « owners » who fled Paris to take refuge in Versailles during the Communard uprising ? We decided to mock them showing their fear. We represented them as people scared of losing their belongings and wealth, as the cruel and coward elite of France, those who, using their daily objects, vented their fear on revolutionaries who’d already been arrested or shot.»
Munchausen was created in 2004 by Simon Pillard and Philippe Rosetti. It is an independent structure focused on prospective development in graphic design and particularly on the recycling of ancestral signs and their shifting to poetic imagery. Simon Pillard graduated from ESAD Reims in 2003. Now he is a graphic designer for creator JC de Castelbajac. Philippe Rossetti graduated from Ecole des Beaux-Arts Lyon and Villa Arson in Nice and started as a lecturer for the French Consulate in Rome. He is now in charge of the stylistic and commercial devel¬opment of Munchausen.
« When “Commune de Paris, 1871” asked for Munchausen’s contribution, we wondered what a communard contribution might be and whether it could apply today. With autonomy, utopia and insurrection as a challenge, we decided Munchausen would be communard. We approached the job as a commission and started doing research on 19th century engravings and wallpapers. We then worked on the technical and aesthetic adaptation of the iconography we had discovered. We worked in two ways. One consisted in corrupting typical 19th century scenes by adding 21st century signs and the other in creating an improbable form of architec¬ture with the « Château ». We took as much pleasure in bringing Gustave Courbet, Emmanuel Perrotin and the Chanel logo together as we did in creating a code based on black, white, blue and red."
Stefan Glerum lives and works in Amsterdam. He spent four years in Breda studying illustration at the Academy St. Joost. He used to be the assistant to one of the most celebrated comic artists of his country, Joost Swarte. Stefan Glerum’s style is like a mix of an illustration heritage. With its subconscious familiarity and universal appeal, his work is also a « study point » for those with knowledge in the history of graphic design.
His work is inspired by the early 20th Century movements such as Art Deco, Bauhaus, Italian Futurism and Russian Constructivism. He combines popular themes, executed in a style reminiscent of the clear line.
« For Commune de Paris, I wasn’t looking to be too literal with the historic context of the brand, because I was affraid the designs would get too serious. I wanted to use the atmosphere the brand represents mixed with what makes me laugh. Therefore I chose to depict symbols of revolution, combined with stereotypical cliche symbols of French culture, trying to illustrate what a revolution would look like in my world. »
Peters Mountain Works
Before John Peters headed to Manhattan and founded what would become the worlds most recognized and iconic messenger bag company, there was Peters Mountain Works. An idea inspired by the outdoors and first hatched in the small town of Woodstock, NY in the late 1970's.
In 2011 the torch was passed to DESTINATION UNKNOWN, a sibling design duo from Woodstock, NY who are now evolving the very roots of the original philosophy; radical, versatile, inventive and "Made in the U.S.A."
Waiting for the Sun
« Waiting for the Sun » is a project which started in 2007 with the challenge to produce sunglasses made of wood. Its first collection of sunglasses launched in 2009, inspired by classics revisited and reinterpreted by their designers. All glasses and use Carl Zeiss glasses and come in a recycled cardboard packaging.
COMMUNE DE PARIS IS WAITING FOR THE SUN. The capsule collection is presented alongside the 2013 spring-summer collection and is composed of Commune de Paris versions of the Deux model. The wooden frames are bedecked with engraved details and offered in bright summer colours. The outer side of the frames is painted in yellow, blue, or red gloss and the lenses (Carl Zeiss) are tinted accordingly.
Claire & Jeanne Detallante
"Claire & Jeanne Detallante" is a graphic duet formed by sisters Claire (born in 1982) Illustrator/tattoo artist and Jeanne (born in 1978) Illustrator (Vogue, Carven, Commons&Sense..).
In despite of the geographic distance, one lives in New York the other in Paris, they meet to work together on design projects, mixing up their personal views and highlighting their common grounds.
This mini collection inspired by La Commune de Paris 1871, started with the conception of a calendar bringing together a series of six characters, six "Pin-ups" created to symbolize the main events of the Revolution.
Cléo Charuet – Cleoburo – is officially a French Parisian free-lance art director, graphic designer and director; less officially cook, absurd collector and cat masseuse. From things printed to things animated to things online she notably collaborated with Cartier, Dior Homme and Van Cleef & Arpels.
« Starving Communards and Parisians, having eaten up the last rats, cats, dogs and horses, finally slaughtered all the zoo animals in the capital and only spared the pigeons because they could transmit messages and microfilms. The kangaroos, bears, and elephants bought by Parisian butchers ended up on the menus of fancy restaurants, for example for Christmas Eve of 1870. The tragic and surrealist reality of the historical facts mixed with my constant obsession with cooking and animals, are the basic ingredients for this series of objects for the Commune de Paris 1871. »
With the renewed taste for elegance and the current popularity of branded accessories «Maison Fabre» are constantly refining their art. Their finest seasonal models are shown in their two luxurious shops in the Palais Royal gardens and at the heart of St Germain de Prés, where they create gloves for the most prestigious studios.
«Maison Fabre» is renowned as the ultimate French glove maker with tailormade collections that combine traditional know-how and a definitely contemporary touch.
«Maison Fabre» is principally a family business and a guardian of French know-how in glove making. «Commune de Paris» is a designer brand for men whose priority is high-quality and fashion. The collaboration between two brands must be meaningful. This is how we built our co-branding. We are very happy about it and are already planning the future» Olivier Fabre.
A collector of ephemeral moments, an archivist of urban curios, an explorer of labyrinths and a society illustrator for Prada, Lacoste or Ruby, Honet has been a gaffitist for a quarter of a century. He introduces us to a secret and wonderful city of Paris and invites us to settle in his cabinet of curiosities to tell us through his images the great story of small people.
"With the Commune, proletarian Paris will for ever be celebrated as the glorious harbinger of a new society. Its martyrs will be enshrined in the great heart of the working class." Karl Marx.
L'histoire de FrenchTrotters commence au début des années 2000 rue de Charonne, à Paris. Carole et Clarent Delhouz ouvrent alors leur première boutique en mettant à l'honneur des marques rares dénichées au quatre coins du monde. Une deuxième boutique, pour homme rue vieille du temple qui distribue Commune de Paris depuis ses début, puis Little Frenchtrotters...
FrenchTrotters développe une réputation de sélectionneur raffiné et pointu. Naturellement, le label travaille à la création d'une collection de vêtements made in Paris pour homme et femme. C'est en toute amitié qu'Alexandre Maïsetti, co-fondateur de CdP et Clarent Delhouz s'unissent pour créer une collection capsule inédite pour l'automne-hiver 2011.
Langendorff & Dune
Julien Langendorff is an adept at DIY. He draws with a Bic biro, publishes his own collections of drawings and exhibits his work in the top places for contemporary graphic art. At the crossroads of fine arts and urban poetry, his work is peopled with characters dealing with apparently ordinary situations, in disturbing sur¬roundings, with no guidelines, on the threshold of the fantastic. David “Yaya” Herman Dune, with his songs and his band, Herman Dune travels across the United States, the United Kingdom and Europe. When he’s not singing, David Herman Dune - also called Yaya - is designing drawing books, discs illustrations or exhibitions, peopled with recurrent characters: aliens, surfers, or the blue Bigfoot.
« We worked for “Commune de Paris, 1871” as we usually do in our creative sessions, in an instinctive and evolutive way. We start with an atmosphere that turns into a series of possibilities that form a whole, a harmonious colour, echoing stories... When “Commune de Paris, 1871” called on us with their theme, we looked for someone, a face, a word, an extreme situation. We found a man with a mousta¬che, wearing a jacket, in raging flames, calling for help and warning people: «FIRE, FIRE» on Paris... You can smell something burning... moustache ends, and jacket buttons... »
Julien Langendorff is a graphic artist and a musician and was born in Paris. His work includes drawings, collages, mysterious installations and seems to follow an esoteric flow of haunted poetry that reads like an inhabited diary. His works are like hallucinated visions that form a dreamlike and mystic world informed by references to the roots of the 60s counter culture as well as to a certain form of 19th-century imagery (the pre-raphaelites, spiritualism).
"The power of a single written word has always had a strong spell on me. What RISE has in mind here recalls the Communard rising to defend his determination to build a new society but also applies to any individual will for self-improvement and renewal. Rise up from the grave/Rise up from the ashes. Zombie, phoenix or communard, death- whether real or imaginary- shall not silence he who must accomplish his deed".
Lili Fleury, is an "explorer" who does not trust anything more than her intuition. Born with the underground artistic scene from the end of the eighties, this graduate from the Ensaama is multi-talented. Thanks to her own creations (illustrations, paintings, photos, books…), to her contributions to contemporary art (Pierre Huygue, YI Zhou), and also to her experience in the world of music (co-founder of the Bronx Agency), publishing ("Dis Voir" publishing house) and fashion (Giambattista Valli, Fred Sathal), Lili Fleury has created a unique style based on fantasy, mystery and poetry.
" The pencil drawn portrait of a revolutionary aristocrat whose handsome face seems assaulted by a liana of bramble ; like a deadly waltz, a rosace of blue and red intertwined veins at the end of which skulls in bloom are dancing ; a cockerel’s bust which bravely faces a crow of doom bathed in scarlet blood…I tried to revisit the anguish and the disillusions of that mini-revolution by using strong metaphors, but not necessarily those which are typically used to illustrate the "Commune". And as usual, my approach was voluntarily intuitive. I let myself be guided by the story of an extraordinary era, the end of the 19th century, a chaotic period also characterised by a profound idealism and a certain innocence ".
Mixing craft and folk techniques with the experiences and tools of minimal and conceptual artists endow Sandrine Pelletier’s works with an uncanny quality. Discrepancies, illusionistic effects and trompe l’oeils are frequently to be found in her work.
Her production systems are deeply rooted in the love relationship she maintains with the popular arts, the research she does in arts and crafts and diy practices in general. For 10 years or so, she’s collaborated with designers, magazines and choreographers. She currently works in a studio in Cairo.
Sandrine Pelletier was born in Lausanne in 1976.
"Plunging in the dark and troubled history of Paris in 1871 and the Commune, I was attracted at once by the terrible « Pétroleuses », those revolutionary women who dared uncover their faces to set Paris on fire. Whether admired as brave lionesses or discarded as disgusting dragons, they went as far as pissing in their hands to
conceal the smell of petrol and avoid being arrested; at least that’s how legend has it. More globally in the history of the Commune, the once tragic slogan «Paris for a steak » is now to be interpreted and seasoned in many a way..."
JMT is a draughtsman and director. His dreamlike and irreverent world comes from his taste for 1970's French illustration (Topor, Grimault, Chaland). His fine lines have seduced among others Kenzo and Nike. Sebastien Tellier and Air also benefited from his vision of the absurd.
« I wanted to move away from the classical imagery of the Paris Commune, scenes of fighting, of desolation and the like. Strong personalities as for example Louise Michel inspired me. That is why I worked on the world of smokehouses, literature circles and thinktanks. I used smoke as a graphic link between rebels and intellectuals; smoke is there on each illustration, whether escaping from a cigar, in a metaphore of the human mind or shooting out of a canon to represent violence. »